Conclusions are indispensable as part of the writing content. The conclusion of the dissertation is a summary based on the preface, background and arguments in the dissertation. It can also predict the future trend or look forward to the future based on the analysis of the current situation in the dissertation, the analysis of existing countermeasures, and the analysis of development trends. The conclusion is the concluding remark and the conclusion. It is a creative, instructive, and empirical description of the results. It must be based on a certain theoretical analysis and experimental verification. Do a good job in the conclusion part, the purpose is to facilitate readers to read and provide evidence for the authors of secondary literature. The conclusion can be a reiteration of the central idea, a summary of research results or main points, some enlightening explanations or considerations, and predictions based on the research results. The author found that many people do not have good writing of the conclusion part of the dissertation, so how to write specifically and what are the requirements? The author will share the writing strategy of the conclusion of the graduation dissertation for your reference.
(1) Conclusion text format requirements
The conclusion of the dissertation should be written separately as the last chapter of the text, without the chapter number;
The word count of the conclusion is required to be around 600-800;
Only words are used in the conclusion, except for some mathematics or chemistry papers that have to use data formulas or chemical reaction formulas in the conclusions, icons and formulas are generally not used.
(2) Conclusion writing content and type
(1) The conclusion should generally state the following:
The results of this research explain what problems, what regularities have been drawn, what theoretical or practical problems have been solved; the conclusions must clearly indicate the views of this paper, what theoretical background supports, and what guidance does it have for practice meaning, etc., if you use numbers to explain, the effect is not good and the most convincing. No ambiguity or ambiguity. Avoid making people feel paradoxical and thus doubt the true value of the paper.
The deficiencies or remaining problems of this research. A forward-looking description of unresolved issues. Follow-up research (or research recommendations) is an area where students are thinking about the process of completing the dissertation, but have not yet thoroughly researched. Research suggestions are often closely related to deficiencies, including deficiencies in research hypotheses, data collection, and research methods, which can point out the direction for further research in this field.
Follow-up research (or research proposal) is an area that students have thought about during the process of completing the dissertation, but have not yet thoroughly researched. Research suggestions are often closely related to deficiencies, and can provide ideas and references for future generations to continue in-depth research.
For the conclusion of a graduation dissertation, the above-mentioned basic conclusions are necessary, but the deficiencies and research suggestions can be discussed more or less depending on the specific content of the dissertation. The conclusion of the dissertation is relatively independent, and should provide clear and specific qualitative and quantitative information. The format of the conclusion paragraph can be considered as follows: If the content of the conclusion paragraph is more, you can write it in separate paragraphs, and give them numbers, such as 1), 2), 3), etc. Each paragraph is composed of a few sentences or 1 sentence; if the content of the conclusion paragraph is small, you can write it without separate paragraphs, and the whole paragraph will be a few sentences.
(2) Types of conclusions
Analysis and synthesis: Analyse and summarise the main content of the main text, highlighting the author’s point of view.
Foretelling prospects: on the basis of the theories and viewpoints demonstrated in the text, its value, significance, and role will be pushed to the future, and its vitality will be foreseen.
Fact comparison: compare the theories and viewpoints described in the text with facts to form a conclusion.
Explanation: further explain the theories and viewpoints expounded in the text to make the theories and viewpoints clearer.
Asking questions: On the basis of analysing the theories and viewpoints demonstrated in the text, put forward key questions related to the results of this research that need to be further resolved.
(3) Common sentence patterns of the conclusion
Tell the purpose of the research by “clarifying the mechanism of…”, “studying…”, or “for the purpose of…”. Pay attention to writing the verb that best suits the purpose.
“Developed…”, write research content and methods.
“The results show…”, telling the main results of the research.
“The results of this research mean…”, tell the conclusions reached.
(4) What writing methods should be avoided in conclusion writing
Write the conclusion as a remainder: The conclusion is the conclusion, and there is no need to show the reader some more questions.
Write the conclusion as a prospect: a paper can solve the problems that need to be solved in the paper itself. Generally, there is no need to look forward to anything. If you must look ahead, then write a hundred words after the conclusion.
Write the conclusion as an impression: Many students often touch the scenes and dreams in the conclusion, and write many things that are not related to the conclusion. This is a taboo.
Write the conclusion as the conclusion: conclusion and conclusion are two independent concepts. The former is “judgment inferred from the premise” and “the final judgment on people or things”, while the latter refers to articles or formal speeches. At the end, there is a concluding sentence. Conclusions The innovative and objective conclusions that can be drawn only after rigorous argumentation, derivation, investigation or experimentation is a further understanding and sublimation of research results. This statement may be a further advancement of the research results of others, or it may be contrary to the research results of others, but no matter what the result is, it must be clear, accurate, and universal. Its length is based on the specific circumstances of the dissertation can be long or short. Compared with the conclusion, the conclusion is much broader in the expression of the content, which can express simple deduction results, and can also put forward further in-depth research on existing problems, prospects for future application prospects, etc. The language expression is required to be as short as possible.
The content of the conclusion and the content of the introduction are repeated: the content of the conclusion and the content of the introduction are repeated in two situations: one is that the content of the conclusion appears in the introduction, and the content of the conclusion is repeated at the end of the article. Some authors use “backward” Method, at the beginning of the introduction, the research background, the questions raised, the research methods, including the conclusions drawn are given first, and then the detailed argumentation is carried out. After the argumentation in the main text, the conclusion is given again at the end of the article to make the content before and after repeat. Another situation is that the conclusion should appear in the introduction, such as the research background, theoretical basis, experimental basis, etc., and the conclusion is written like an introduction. In either case, it shouldn’t happen.
The introduction serves as the beginning of the paper, and its purpose is to explain the historical background of the research to the readers, explain the starting point, focus and value of the research, put forward the problems to be solved in the main text, and guide the readers to read and understand the full text. The conclusion includes not only the logical extension of the results, but also the corresponding responses to the questions raised in the introduction, that is, the summary of the results. There is a strict distinction between the two in terms of function and content.
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